Understanding Brand Registration in India

Brand registration
Shivam Narwal
| Updated: Apr 18, 2023 | Category: Trademark

When building a business, brand registration is a critical step. It is a legal process that offers exclusive ownership and protection to your business’s unique name, logo, and symbol. Brand registration protects your company’s identity from infringement, copying, or unauthorized usage. Brand registration in India is regulated under the Trademark Act 1999, which provides a mechanism for registering and protecting trademarks in India. The trademark registry in India is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks, which operates under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Company Brand Registration

Company brand registration involves registering a unique name, logo, or symbol of a business entity with the trademark registry. This is usually done by filing an application for trademark registration with the appropriate authority. The process of registering a company brand involves the following steps:

  1. Trademark Search: Before filing for registration, it is essential to conduct a trademark search to ensure that the proposed trademark is available for registration. This helps to avoid any potential conflicts with existing trademarks.
  2. Filing of Trademark Application: Once the trademark search is complete, the application for trademark registration must be filed with the appropriate authority. The application should contain details about the proposed trademark, the owner of the trademark, and the class of goods or services for which the trademark is intended to be used.
  3. Examination of the Application: After applying, it is examined by the trademark registry to determine whether it is eligible for registration. The examination process involves checking whether the trademark is distinctive and not similar to any existing trademarks.
  4. Publication of the Trademark: If the trademark application is found to be eligible for registration, it is published in the trademark journal. This allows any interested party to oppose the trademark registration within a stipulated period.
  5. Issuance of Trademark Registration Certificate: If there are no oppositions to the trademark registration within the stipulated period, the trademark registry issues a trademark registration certificate to the owner.

Online Brand Registration in India

With the increasing use of technology and the internet, brand registration has become more accessible and convenient. The Indian government has introduced an online platform for brand registration called the e-filing system, which allows individuals and businesses to file trademark applications online.

The e-filing system for trademark registration offers several advantages, including:

  1. Time-saving: Online trademark registration can be completed quickly and efficiently without physical paperwork, saving time and effort.
  2. Convenience: The e-filing system for trademark registration is available 24/7, allowing users to file applications conveniently.
  3. Cost-effective: Online trademark registration is cost-effective compared to traditional registration methods, eliminating the need for legal professionals or agents.
  4. Transparency: The e-filing system for trademark registration provides transparency in the application process, allowing applicants to track the progress of their application online.
  5. Increased reach: Online trademark registration enables individuals and businesses from all parts of the country to register their trademarks with ease.

Significance of Brand Registration

Brand registration offers several benefits to individuals and businesses, including:

  1. Exclusive ownership: Brand registration provides exclusive ownership and protection to the trademark owner, ensuring that no one else can use the same or similar trademark without the owner’s consent.
  2. Legal protection: Brand registration protects against trademark infringement, copying, or unauthorized usage.
  3. Brand recognition: Brand registration helps build brand recognition and credibility, indicating that the trademark has been registered and is protected under law.
  4. Asset creation: A registered trademark can be treated as an asset and can be sold, licensed, or used as collateral for loans, providing additional value to the business.
  5. Expansion opportunities: Brand registration enables businesses to expand their operations and enter new markets, as a registered trademark can be recognized internationally.
  6. Brand loyalty: A registered trademark helps in building brand loyalty and consumer trust, as customers are more likely to trust and prefer a brand that is legally protected.
  7. Competitive advantage: Brand registration provides a competitive advantage over other businesses operating in the same industry, as it offers legal protection and exclusive ownership to the owner of the trademark.

Trademark Infringement

Trademark infringement occurs when an individual or a business uses a trademark that is identical or similar to an existing trademark without the owner’s permission. This can lead to confusion among consumers and damage the reputation and goodwill of the registered trademark. In India, trademark infringement can be addressed through civil and criminal proceedings. Civil proceedings involve seeking relief through a court of law, while criminal proceedings involve penalizing the infringer through imprisonment or fines. To prevent trademark infringement, businesses must conduct regular trademark searches and monitor the market for potential infringements. It is also essential to take legal action against infringers to protect the registered trademark and maintain the brand’s reputation.

Trademark Renewal

Trademark registration is valid for ten years from the date of filing the application. After the ten-year period, the trademark must be renewed to maintain legal protection and ownership. Trademark renewal involves filing an application for renewal with the appropriate authority before the expiry of the trademark’s validity period. Failure to renew the trademark can lead to the loss of legal protection and exclusive ownership. Trademark renewal offers an opportunity to update or modify the registered trademark to align with the changing business requirements. It also provides an opportunity to re-evaluate the trademark’s relevance and effectiveness in the market.


Brand registration is an essential legal process that provides exclusive ownership and protection to businesses’ unique names, logos, and symbols. In India, the Trademark Act 1999[1] governs brand registration, and the trademark registry is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

The process of brand registration involves several steps, including trademark search, filing of the trademark application, examination of the application, publication of the trademark, and issuance of the trademark registration certificate. The introduction of the e-filing system for trademark registration in India has made the process more accessible, convenient, cost-effective, and transparent. Brand registration offers numerous benefits, including exclusive ownership, legal protection, brand recognition, asset creation, expansion opportunities, brand loyalty, and competitive advantage. Businesses must conduct regular trademark searches and monitor the market for potential infringements to prevent trademark infringement. Additionally, they must renew their trademark every ten years to maintain legal protection and ownership.

In today’s competitive business environment, brand registration is crucial for protecting businesses’ identities and establishing their presence in the market. It helps businesses build brand recognition, credibility, and trust among consumers, providing them with a competitive edge. Therefore, businesses must prioritize brand registration as a critical step in their overall business strategy to ensure long-term success and growth.

Read our Article:What is a Composite Mark? – Meaning and Trademark Registration Process

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Shivam Narwal

Shivam Narwal, a motivated final year BBA LLB law student at Chandigarh University, has started his legal career at Swarit Advisors as a legal researcher. With a strong focus on thorough and accurate research, Shivam is dedicated to delivering exceptional results. Throughout his studies, he has shown a deep understanding of the legal system and a drive to excel in the field of Law. 


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