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What is Private Limited Company Registration?

If you are looking for a closely held and well-organized form of existence for your business, then Private Limited is the most appropriate option available. Easily incorporated, a Private Limited is registered within a quick span of time, with minimum documentation and minimal number of promoters.

Swarit Advisors can help you register your Private Limited Company along with the following allied Services:

  • 1  Name Search;
  • 2  Trademark Search and Filing assistance;
  • 3  Drafting of MOA and AOA;
  • 4  Documentation;
  • 5  Post Registration Compliances and Auditing.
  • 6  Certificate of Incorporation along with PAN and TAN.

Features of Private Limited Company

The Private Limited Company have following striking features:

  1. Unique and Meaningful Name: The name should not resemble to any of the existing entities and shall not contain any offensive words detrimental to the interest of the society at large. Also, the name should necessary align with the objects of the company and must contain the word “Private Limited”;
  2. Minimum Capital: The minimum capital contribution requirement by the promoters in case of a Private Limited Company has been removed and the company can be set-up with any amount of capital. It shall be contributed by all the shareholders in the proportion of the shares held by them;
  3. Minimum Directors and Shareholders: There shall be present at least two Directors and Shareholders for the registration of a Private Limited. Both Directors and Shareholders can be similar person;
  4. Registered Office: There shall be present, at the time of Company registration and at all times thereafter, a registered office address for the communication of the important matters by the authorities or otherwise. The registered office can be an owned property or a rented one.

Restrictions upon a Private Limited Company

Every Private Limited Company shall adhere to the following restrictions as prescribed under the Act:


There shall be restriction on the transfer of shares by the shareholders of the Private Limited Company;


The total number of shareholders in a private company, shall at no point of time, increase beyond 200;


There shall be prohibition on the subscription of shares by the general public in a private limited;

Why one should choose for a Private Limited Company

The Private Limited company is a widely chosen entity among the promoters due to the following reasons:

  • Goodwill: As compared to a sole proprietorship or a Partnership firm, the Private Limited holds better goodwill in the system, because of their accountability towards the Ministry. This also helps the promoters to raise funds from Banks and other Financial Institutions.
  • Better Credibility among customers: Due to their accountability towards the authorities, a Private Limited is more credible among their customers and hence contributes to create a larger customer base;
  • Limited liability of the Promoters: The liability of the promoters is only limited to the amount of capital contributed by them. It gives greater sense of independence to run the business.
  • Perpetual Succession: The life of the company is for indefinite period of time and shall not be affected by the life and death of its promoters.
  • No capital constraint: Being a closely held entity, the anytime business requirement of funds can be satisfied by further capital contribution by the shareholders.

Points to remember before starting up a Private Limited

Once you are convinced with the fact that it is the Private Limited form of entity required by your business, you must get prepared for the same. Following are the points to be kept in mind:

  • The name of the company is the first and foremost thing to be decided as it may take time to get a company registered if the promoters do not come up with a unique and meaningful name;
  • Second point to be kept in mind is about the objects which would be carried on in the private limited after its registration. The objects are contained in the memorandum of a Private Limited and are divided into two parts- main objects and other objects;
  • Third point of interest is about the location of the company. It is very important to find a suitable registered office of the Private Limited from where all the operations of the company can be managed. A centralized and well-planned location for the Private Limited may attract more and more customers, thereby adding to the profitability of the business;
  • The next comes the authorized share capital with which the Private Limited shall be registered. The authorized capital is the declaration by the shareholders about their contribution into the company.
  • The Private company may be either limited by shares or may be limited by the liability. Now, we have the provision in the Companies Act, under which a Private Limited can be registered without any capital.
  • Then there shall be the finalization of the shareholders and the Board of Directors of the company. The Directors are the faces who run the company and the shareholders are the promoters who invest in the Private Limited. Both Directors and shareholders can be similar person.
  • Last thing which the promoters of a Private Limited shall keep in mind is about the shareholding held by each one of them. It determines the control of each of the promoters over the income and affairs of the Company.

Process of Private Company Registration

The registration process of a Private Limited Company is completely online. The Private Limited is also registered with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, where all other companies of the land are registered. The process consists of the following steps:

  • Digital Signatures (DSCs): Since the registration process is online, hence there is the requirement for Digital signatures of all the Directors and Shareholders. At Swarit Advisors, we provide two DSCs in our package of Private Company Registration.
  • Name Application: Once the name is finalized, the application shall be made in Form SPICE-Part A. The form is a replacement of earlier Form RUN and provides the option to apply for two names.
  • Drafting of MOA and AOA: The MOA is the constitution of the Company and defines various clauses mandatory to bring the company into existence such as Name clause, object clause, registered office clause, liability clause, subscription clause and capital clause.

The AOA governs the internal rules and regulations for the functioning of the Company. Well drafted MOA and AOA are vital for the successful registration of the Private Limited and shall always be done by the experts.

  • SPICE-Part B: This is the form for incorporation and shall contain all the details about the directors, shareholders, registered office and proposed objects of the Company. It shall be filed along with the necessary documents for the registration;
  • AGILE-Pro: This is the newest form in the process of Private Company Registration and contains the details about GST, ESIC, EPF registration, Professional tax Registration (Only for Maharashtra) and details about Opening of Bank Account.
  • SPICE-9: This Form is a declaration by the Directors and Shareholders regarding their non-convicted records as well as the solemn about the correctness of all the information and documents provided during the process of registration.
  • Grant of Certificate of Incorporation: The Ministry, after being satisfied, that the documents and details submitted in the application are correct and gives a true and fair view of the intentions of the applicant, shall grant the Certificate of Incorporation (COI) along with PAN and TAN.

Timeline for Private Company Registration

Timeline for Private Company Registration

Documents Required for Private Limited Registration

A complete and correct documentation plays a pivotal role in the process of Private Company Registration. Let’s have a look on the Documents requirement:

  1. ID Proof: The following documents serve as ID proofs for the purpose of application-
    1. Pan Card (For Indian Nationals)
    2. Passport (For Foreign Nationals)
  2. Address Proof: Below documents can be submitted as the proof of address-
    1. Voter ID;
    2. Driving License;
    3. Passport;
    4. Latest Bank Statement (Not older than two months)
    5. Latest Electricity Bill or Water Bill or Gas Bill.
  3. Registered Office Address Proof:
    1. If the premises is owned by Director or Shareholder or any of the related entity, then following documents are must:
      1. Latest Electricity Bill in the name of Director or Shareholder or related entity;
      2. NOC.
    2. If the premises is taken on rent:
      1. Rent Agreement;
      2. Latest Electricity Bill in the name of the owner;
      3. NOC.
  4. Scanned Passport size photograph of all the Directors and Shareholders;
  5. Specimen Signatures for all the Directors and Shareholders for the purpose of verification.

Post Incorporation Steps by a Private Limited Company

Timeline for Private Company Registration

After your Private Limited Company has come into the existence, you need to comply to the following in order to maintain a smooth flow of operations:

  • Verification of the Registered Office Address: It shall be done through the Form INC 22 and must be files within 30 days of the incorporation of the Private Limited. The Form INC 22 shall be accompanied by necessary documents as mentioned under the Documents for Registered office;
  • Putting up of Company Name Board: A clear and complete Name Board of the company consisting of details such as CIN, Registered Office Aggress, GSTN, Phone numbers, Email, fax, website address etc., shall be put in English and Hindi or any other vernacular language of the state, where the registered office of the Private Limited is situated. Such name board shall be put outside every office of the Private Limited.
  • Filing of INC 20 A: Within 180 days of incorporation of the Company, a declaration, attested by the Director of the Company, shall be filed with ROC that each subscriber to the memorandum has consented to the share value taken by them.
  • Appointment of Auditor: Soon after the Private Limited comes to the existence, there shall be appointed before the first Annual General meeting of the Company, the statutory auditor who shall hold office till sixth AGM until and unless ratified or a resignation is served.

Annual Compliances for a Private Limited Company

Every Private Limited Company shall adhere to certain yearly compliances applicable to them from time to time. These can be enumerated as below:

  • Board Meetings: There shall be conducted, at least two Board meetings, by a Private Limited, in a financial year. Also, it is to be kept in mind that proper minutes of such meetings shall be maintained in the minute book of the Company. The Board meetings shall be attended by the Directors of the Private Limited.
  • Annual General Meeting: Every Private Limited shall conduct an Annual General Meeting of its shareholders, once in a year to discuss the agenda’s such as auditor’ appointment, declaration of dividend, etc.
  • Appointment of Auditor: The first auditors of the company shall be appointed within 30 days of the incorporation or at the first Annual General Meeting of the company and soon after the appointment Form ADT 1 shall be furnished to the ROC;
  • Directors Disclosure: It shall be made in Form MBP 1 by each director of the Private Limited before the first Board Meeting of the Company;
  • Annual Returns: Form MGT-7 shall be filed in respect of Annual Returns within 60 days of the conclude of the Annual General Meeting;
  • Annual Financial Statements: It shall be filed in Form AOC 4 every year presenting the statement of Balance year and profit and loss account of the company for the preceding financial year. The form AOC 4 shall be filled within 30 days of the end of the Annual General Meeting.
  • Income Tax Returns: Every Private Limited shall file the return of its Income Tax by 30th September of each year for the income earned in the previous financial year.
  • GST Returns: To be filed on monthly basis.
  • Other Periodic Compliances: Like change in directors, increase in capital, etc. shall be done as on date basis.

Why Swarit Advisors?

  • 1  Assistance in Name Search;
  • 2  1  Trademark Search and Application drafting;
  • 3  MOA and AOA Drafting;
  • 4  Attractive Compliance and auditing packages;
  • 5  150 + company registration in a month;
  • 6  100 + professionals including CA, CS and CWAs;
  • 7  Online process and any time on-call support.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The total time taken for a Private Limited Company registration ranges from 8-12 days. If the documents are complete and the information is correct, then the time taken for registration can be minimized.

No. The individual shall be at least 18 year old to become a director in Private Limited

Primarily, following documents shall be handy:

  • ID Proofs;
  • Address Proofs;
  • Bank Statements;
  • Registered Office Address Proof.

Yes, at any point of time, the maximum number of members shall not exceed 200. If it exceeds the prescribed number, then the Company shall be converted into a Public Limited and all the provisions governing a public limited shall be applicable.

A DIN is Director Identification Number and shall be unique for every director. A DIN is issued only once in the lifetime of the director. No Director shall be allocated two DIN.

The COI is valid for the lifetime of the Company and shall be cancelled or the company can be strike-off by ROC in case of non-compliance with the regulations, non-filing of returns, default in the true and fair status of the Company or any of its Directors or Shareholders.

No, for listing upon stock exchanges it shall be converted into a Public Limited and shall satisfy other financial parameters regarding capital, profitability etc.

a- Filing of Balance Sheet, Profit and Loss Statements;

b- Filing of Annual Returns;

c- Maintenance of minute book and Company’ registers;

d- Appointment of Statutory Auditor and maintenance of books of accounts;

e- Conduct of Board Meeting, etc.

The government fees differs from state to state and hence there is no uniform costing. However the whole process cost ranges from INR 8000-INR 20,000/-.


Maximum- 15

More than 15 directors can be appointed by passing a special resolution in the General Meeting.

No, There shall be at least one director who shall be resident in India which means who has stayed in India for a total period of not less than one hundred and eighty-two days in the previous calendar year.

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