Overview of BIS Certification
Nowadays, almost every product needs a genuineness mark to authenticate its purity. BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Certification is a way of ensuring customers about the quality and standards of a product. Through this certificate, buyers get the assurance that a product is safe for use. Moreover, it is pertinent to note that obtaining BIS Certification is optional for various products in India. However, there are some products for which the certification has been made compulsory by the Indian Government, taking into consideration public health and safety.
What is BIS?
The term BIS stands for the “Bureau of Indian Standards”. It is a National Standard Body of India, consisting of25 members and is engaged in the preparation, execution of standards, certification of schemes concerning products and testing and standardization services. The headquarter of BIS or the Bureau of Indian Standards is located in New Delhi. It also has five Regional Offices situated in Chennai (Southern), Kolkata (Eastern), Mumbai (Western), Delhi (Central), and Chandigarh (Northern).
What are the objectives of BIS Registration?
The following are the main objectives of BIS registration in India:
- To protect and safeguard the health of citizens;
- To offer quality assurance;
- To protect consumers from hazardous products;
- To boost consumer confidence.
What is the Governing Law for BIS Certification?
In India, the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 acts as the governing force for the issuance of BIS Certification. Moreover, the BIS Act, 1986 was brought into force on 20.11.1986 and the enforcement of this act reduced the ambit of ISI (Indian Standard Institution) Mark. At present, over 350 BIS Registrations have been granted for over 50 Indian standards in 40 countries.
Why was there a Need to enforce the BIS Act, 1986?
There have been hundreds of advertisements proudly proclaiming that the product bears ISI Mark. The term, “ISI” stands for the “Indian Standards Institute” which was established on 06.01.1947.
ISI is a national body which was established during the period of Independence to provide benefits of standardisation to every consumer in India. However, by the end of the mid-80s, situations and conditions changed and it sparked off the need to have a stronger governing organisation. The reason for the same was that the ISI (Indian Standards Institute) did not have any authority regarding the formulation of standards and other associated work besides the product certification.
Therefore, to broaden up the scope and offer more power and control to the staff concerning assets and liabilities, the Government of India brought BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) into the picture on 20.11.1986.
Who can apply for BIS Certification?
All Manufacturers of the products notified under the Compulsory Registration Scheme, whether located in India or outside India need to obtain registration under CRS. However,
- A separate Registration number must be obtained for the products manufactured or produced at different locations.
- A separate Registration number must be obtained for each brand or product manufactured or produced at the same place.
Which Products come under the criteria of BIS Registration?
The products which come under the criteria of mandatory BIS registration are bifurcated into 2 sub-parts listed below:
The following list comprises of the products that fall under Scheme 1 (Mark Scheme):
- Household electrical goods;
- Food and related products;
- Oil pressure stoves;
- Automobile accessories;
- Cylinders, Valves, and Regulators;
- Medical Equipment;
- Steel and Stainless-steel Products;
- Electrical Motors;
- Electrical Transformers;
- Chemicals and Fertilizers.
The following list comprises of Electronic and IT products:
- Electronic games such as video games;
- Laptop, Notebooks, Tablets;
- Plasma TV, LED, LCD Televisions of screen size 32” and above;
- Optical Disc Players having in-built amplifiers of input power 200W and above;
- Microwave, OTG, Ovens;
- Visual Display Units;
- Video Monitors of screen-size 32″ and above
- Printers, Plotters;
- Wireless Keyboards;
- Telephone Answering Machines;
- Amplifiers with an input power 2000W and above
What are BIS Certification Schemes?
The BIS Certification scheme hold the world’s largest rank with over 26,500 Licensees and include more than 900 products. The BIS Certification allows Manufacturers or Licensees to use ISI (Indian Standards Institute) mark on their products. Thus, it provides a sense of guarantee to the consumer that the manufactured/ produced products have the best quality. Further, BIS runs the Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme that offers the facility to overseas producers/manufacturers to use the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Standard Mark. At present, BIS has issued over 350 Certificates to nearly 50 Indian Standards in 40 different nations.
What are the Different Types of BIS Certification Scheme?
The BIS Certification is provided only for the products which are covered under the following schemes:
- Normal Procedure for Domestic Manufacturers
Under this specific scheme, an applicant must submit the Application for Certification along with the needed documents and prescribed fee. The BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Officers conducts a preliminary examination of the factory in which the goods would be manufactured and the collected samples are tested from authorised laboratories. When the samples collected pass the prescribed Standards, the officer appointed issues BIS Certification. Normally, it takes around four to six months for the conclusion of this process after the submission of the Application.
- Simplified Procedure for Domestic Manufacturers
Just like its name, it is a simple method to obtain BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Certification. In this method, an applicant is must submit the reports of his sample product obtained from a BIS authorised lab along with the Application for BIS Certification.
If the BIS Officer finds the reports satisfactory, the officer conducts further verification in the premises to authenticate that the protocols are followed. Lastly, the officer then grants the Certificate within thirty days of the Application submission.
- Tatkal Scheme
According to the notification issued by the government, some manufacturers/ producers must mandatorily obtain BIS Certification. The only method to obtain BIS License in such a circumstance is by way of the Tatkal Scheme. The Application to enrol in Tatkal Scheme must be processed within a period of thirty days. The concerned agency then processes the application on a priority basis to comply with the stringent time rules.
- Eco Mark Scheme
The BIS Eco Mark scheme offers a Certificate for the Environmental-friendly products. As there are other obligations to qualify the Indian Standards for Eco-friendly products, the manufacturer must excel in every test and obey the standards. Further, the process to obtain a BIS Certificate in the Eco Mark scheme is similar to the Domestic Manufacturer scheme.
- Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme
This specific scheme bestows an opportunity to the foreign/overseas applicants or manufacturer to use BIS Standard Mark on the goods. An individual can easily acquire BIS Certification by this method within a timeframe of six months.
Documents needed to Obtain BIS Certification in India
The Documents which an individual needs to submit for the process of BIS Certification are bifurcated into two parts:
The first part deals with the technical aspect of the products collected for a lab test. The information of the manufacturer must be submitted in the construction details of the product like:
- PCB Layout
- Schematic Diagram
- User Manual
- Critical Components List
In the second part, the manufacturer or applicant is required to submit all the Factory Documents and Details in the Application form for BIS Certification, which includes the following basic details of the manufacturing unit:
- A copy of Trademark Registration
- Factory’s organizational chart
- Factory’s legal address proof
- List of machinery installed
- List of equipment used
- The documents of the AIR (Authorized Indian Representative) when the producer belongs to some other country.
The procedure for obtaining BIS Certification takes around 30 to 35 days to complete. It also includes the testing time of 15 to 20 days and the BIS Application processing time of 10 to 15 days.
Procedure for Online BIS Registration in India?
Process of Licensing
The following steps are included in the process of licensing for bis registration:
- The first step includes submission of application for BIS Certification;
- After that, the appointed BIS Officer conducts a preliminary Inspection;
- After the completion of the Inspection, the collected samples are sent for testing.
- Once the stage of evaluation is complete, the final result is derived.
Process of Surveillance
Once the process of Inspection is completed, the next stage is the Surveillance stage in which a complete factory survey is conducted. The following steps are involved in the process of surveillance:
- In the first step, the Inspecting Authority visits the premises and verifies it.
- Once the process of testing is completed, the inspecting authority collects samples
- The collected samples are sent to the independent labs.
- The test report either briefs the complaint, or gives a response on the investigation
- Based on the opinions expressed in the test report, a performance review report is generated.
- After the verification of the report, the license is granted.
What is Compulsory Registration Scheme?
The term CRS stands for “Compulsory Registration System”.The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, by way of notification on 03.10.2012, passed “Electronics and Information Technology Goods (Requirement for Compulsory Registration) Order, 2012" with a list of 15 categories concerning hardware items.
As per this order, no individual is allowed to either manufacture or stack the listed items for sale, purchase or import. However, the said list of 15 categories has been expanded further to 50 products by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
Further, for products that are produced domestically, the Compulsory Registration System (CRS) is relevant according to the manufacturing date. However, for the products being imported, the date of landing for the concerned product is considered effective.
What is the Validity Period prescribed for BIS Certification?
The BIS certification is valid for two years. Moreover, BIS Certification can be further renewed if there is no change in the prescribed standards and concerned product. Also, the renewed certificate will be valid for a minimum of one year and a maximum of five years.
The renewal of the certificate is subject to an annual license fee along with an advance minimum marking fee. However, in case the application for getting the certificate renewed is filed after the expiry period of the certificate, the applicant is required to pay a late fee of INR 5000.
What is the Procedure prescribed for Renewal of BIS Certificate?
The application for obtaining the renewal of BIS Certificate must be submitted by the manufacturer in a prescribed format. The same must be submitted at least one month prior to the expiry of the BIS certificate. Further, the fees prescribed for renewal must also be submitted along with the form.
Usually, the process of retesting is not needed in the process of renewal. However, at times, BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) or the ministry officials may choose samples throughout surveillance for testing. Further, the process of retesting is done only in the case where the reports of the initial test are not up to the revised standards.
Frequently Asked Questions
The main objectives of BIS Certification are to protect and safeguard the health of the citizens; Offer quality assurance; Protect consumers from the Hazardous Products; and Boost consumer confidence.
The term “BIS Certification” denotes the quality assurance, reliability, and safety of the third party from a product. It is compulsory for every manufacturer notified under the Compulsory Registration to obtain BIS Certification in India.
The term BIS stands for the “Bureau of Indian Standards.” It is a National Standard Body of India engaged in the preparation, execution of standards, and certification of schemes relating to products. It also provides testing and standardization services in India.
The headquarters of the Bureau of Indian Standards is located in New Delhi. It also has 5 Regional Offices situated at Chennai (Southern), Kolkata (Eastern), Mumbai (Western), Delhi (Central), and Chandigarh (Northern).
As per a notification issued by the BIS on April 2018, there are different groups having a total of 116 products that need to obtain BIS Certification in India. These groups include Cement; Household Electrical Goods; Batteries; Food and related Products; Oil Pressure Stoves; Automobile Accessories; Cylinders, Valves, and Regulators; Medical Equipment; Steel and Stainless-Steel Products; Electrical Motors; Electrical Transformers; Capacitors; Chemicals and Fertilizers.
Yes, it is mandatory to obtain a BIS License for the import of goods falling under the notified scheme. That means such goods can only be imported in India if they have a standard mark under the BIS Certification.
For products that are produced domestically, the Compulsory Registration System (CRS) is relevant according to the manufacturing date. However, the products which are being imported in India, the date of landing, will be considered effective.
All the Manufacturers of the products notified under the Compulsory Registration Scheme, whether located in India or outside, need to obtain CRS Registration.
According to the Guidelines issued for the Series Approval of Products, only one sample out of a series of every ten models will be chosen for testing. Further, this rule states that the product having the worst configuration as per the safety designed consideration will get picked for the test.
Yes, if in case a common test report is being engendered, then there is a need that all the brands must be distinctly enumerated out in the report.
No, the CRS or the Compulsory Registration Scheme is applicable to only the Products and not on the Spare Parts.
The items or the piece of information that to be marked on a label are Brand Name; Product Name; Model Number; Input and Output Wattage; Name of the Country where the said product has been manufactured; and Name of the Manufacturer. Further, the label marked should be of such a quality that the same cannot be rubbed, washed, or scratched off by anyone.
We have completed BIS Certification in Delhi, Mumbai, Gurgaon, Bangalore, Noida, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Bhopal, Indore, Kolkata, Pune, Surat, Lucknow, Jaipur, Kanpur, Nagpur, and other Indian cities.
According to the BIS Rules and Regulations, the Test report must not be older than 90 days as on the submission date of the application form.
A BIS License stands cancelled under the provisions of Rule 11 of the BIS (Conformity Assessment) Regulations, 2018.
The manufacturer or its authorised Indian representative has the responsibility to get the products registered with the Bureau of Indian Standards.
No, the manufacturer needs to file a separate application for each product and for each factory location.
Normally, a period of 6 months is needed by the authorities to grant a BIS License. The period will start from the date of the receipt of the application. However, the same can vary for reasons like transportation of samples; remittance of dues; organising inspection; and delay in giving responses to the queries raised.
No, the manufacturer needs to file a separate application for each factory location.
Regulation 6 of the BIS (Conformity Assessment) Regulations 2018 deals with the conditions for the use of Standard Mask.