How to Start a FSSAI License

registrtion process
service package

Overview of FSSAI Food License Registration

The term FSSAI stands for the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. It is the apex body responsible for issuing the FSSAI License or Food License to all Food Business Operators (FBOs). This autonomous body is established under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and is governed by the FSS Act, 2006.

FSSAI has been established to prescribe science-based standards for food articles. It also administers the manufacture, storage, distributions, sale of food products to confirm the same is safe for human consumption. The main objective of the FSSAI Registration is to streamline the food sector and reduce the cases of Adulteration and Substandard Products. For this, the FSSAI License ensures that every food item adheres to the prescribed quality check.

All the Manufacturers, Restaurants, Grocery Shops, Caterers need to obtain FSSAI Food License before commencing their operations. Further, an Import Export Code is required for Import or Export of Food Products.

Concept of FSSAI Registration

According to Section 31 (1) and 31 (2) of the Act, every FBO needs to obtain FSSAI Registration from the FSSAI. The term “FSSAI Registration” is different from “FSSAI License”. Both the concept varies on the nature and size of the Business.

Recently, FSSAI launched an online platform named Food Licensing and Registration System (FLRS) for filling online applications. The purpose of starting the food safety management system was to facilitate FBOs to apply for FSSAI Registration/ License. Moreover, the applicant can track the FSSAI Registration status through the FSSAI website.

An FSSAI License is a 14-digits numeric code issued to the Food Business Operators (FBO) in India. FSSAI license number consists of five parts. Each part provides different details about the FBO such as the producer’s permit and assembling state.

An FBO must mention the FSSAI License Number on the label or food packages. The FBOs need to specify the same in the colour inverse to the background colour.

The validity period of an FSSAI Registration ranges from a minimum of one year to a maximum of 5 years. The FBOs need to apply for the renewal 30 days before the expiry of the license.

Therefore, FSSAI Registration is mandatory for a person dealing in food items as well as any other kind of food business in India.

Who are Food Business Operators?

The FBO denotes a person or business that carries out any activities concerning the manufacture, storage, distribution, and sale of food. It also includes banquet halls with food catering services, import and export of food items, and sale of food additives or ingredients. Further, FBOs are responsible for complying with the provisions of the Act, and any rules and regulations applicable to FBOs.

Benefits of FSSAI Registration

Benefits of Fssai License Registration

In India, the benefits of FSSAI Registration are as follows:

  • Consumer Awareness

    Nowadays, people have become vigilant and alert regarding the quality of the product they consume. The level of the same has been increased after the controversy of Maggi Noodles. FSSAI Registration assures the food quality and increases the customer base for the company. Consequently, it helps in developing the brand name of the company.

  • Business Expansion

    FSSAI License provides more possibilities and opportunities for expansion at any geographic location.

  • Legal Advantage

    The FSSAI Certification gives the chance of legal enforcement for any non-compliance.

  • FSSAI Logo

    FSSAI logo acts as a mark of assurance that the product is safe to consume.

  • Government Funding

    The FSSAI certification assists the Food Business Operators (FBOs) in obtaining the State/ Central Government Funding.

  • Brand Value

    The Brand Value of a company automatically increases once it is FSSAI registered.

  • Recognitions from Government

    In India, the government recognises the FSSAI Registration consequential into customer trust and a huge consumer base.

Reason for Obtaining FSSAI Food License

In India, the Reasons for Obtaining a Food Safety License can be summarised as:

  • To Confirm that the food product adheres to the Quality Benchmarks prescribed by the FSSAI;
  • To Reduce the cases of substandard products;
  • To Increase the level of responsibility of manufacturers towards the customers.

Types of FSSAI License

Types of Fssai License

In India, an FBO needs to obtain a food license of different types from the FSSAI. These licenses vary on the basis of annual turnover, business scale and the nature of the activity. The different types of FSSAI Registration available in India are as follows:

  • Basic FSSAI Registration

    It is a basic type of FSSAI Registration needed by the small business persons such as retailers, petty food manufacturers, suppliers and distributors. All the businesses having an annual turnover of Rs 12 lakhs need to obtain this registration.

  • State FSSAI Registration

    An FBO with turnover between Rs 12 lakh and Rs 20 crore needs to acquire this license. The same turnover limit is applicable for both the FSSAI State Manufacturing License and FSSAI State Trading License.

  • Central FSSAI Registration

    The Central FSSAI Registration is applicable for FBOs, which have an annual turnover above Rs 20 crores. It is also needed to supply food at the government offices or deal with the import or export of food products.

    Basic FSSAI Registration

    FSSAI State License

    FSSAI Central License

    The Basic FSSAI Registration needed by the FBOs having turnover up to Rs 12 lakh.

    The State FSSAI License is needed by the FBOs having turnover up to Rs 12 lakh to Rs 20 crore.

    The Central FSSAI License is needed for the FBOs having turnover more than Rs 20 crore.

    Petty Food Business needs this license.

    A Medium size Food Business needs this license.

    Large Food Business, Suppliers of food at Government Office and Importer or Exporter of Food Products need this license.

    Form A is required for obtaining this license.

    Form B is required for obtaining this license.

    Form B is required for obtaining this license.

Who needs the Food Safety License?

In India, the criteria for different FSSAI License can be summarised as:

  • Basic FSSAI License

    The Food businesses working within a single region, area, city or town need to obtain this registration. The criteria to get a Basic FSSAI Certificate are as follows:

    • An FBO which has a turnover of less than Rs 12 Lakhs. FBO includes wholesalers, retailers, distributors, suppliers, Dhabha, food vending establishments, hawkers, canteen, club, hotel, restaurants, etc.;
    • Retailers selling food products, with limited operations;
    • Petty producers manufacturing food by themself;
    • A stall selling food products;
    • Businesses engaged in selling food at a religious or social gathering. However, they differ from a caterer;
    • Cottage industries related to food products;
    • Production or processing units of vegetable oil by the course of solvent extraction or refineries consisting of oil expeller system. However, the units must not exceed the capacity of 100 litres per day (except meat or milk);
    • Dairy units engaged in the procurement, collection, handling, chilling of milk. These units must have a capacity of 500 litres per day or 2.5 Metric Tons of milk solids per year;
    • A slaughterhouse with a capacity of 2 large animals or 50 poultry birds, or 10 small animals per day.
  • State Food License

    The criteria for acquiring State FSSAI License can be summarised as:

    • An FBO which have a turnover between Rs 12 Lakhs and Rs 2 Crores needs to obtain this license registration. FBO includes wholesalers, retailers, distributors, suppliers, Dhabha, food vending establishments, hawkers, canteen, club, hotel, restaurants, etc.;
    • Dealing with Branded Foods;
    • Production or processing units of vegetable oil by the course of solvent extraction or refineries consisting of oil expeller system. The units must have a turnover between Rs 12 lacs to Rs 20 crores annually;
    • Hotels of 4 Star Ratings;
    • Storages having a capacity up to 50,000 metric tonnes annually;
    • Dairy units engaged in the procurement, collection, handling, chilling of milk. These units need to have a capacity between 500 to 50000 litres;
    • A slaughterhouse with a capacity of up to 50 large animals or 150 small animals or 1000 poultry birds per day;
    • All the remaining food processing units, including re-packers with a minimum of 100 litres to 2 metric tonnes capacity.
  • Central Food License

    In India, the businesses required to obtain Central License are as follows:

    • FBOs with an annual turnover of more than Rs 20 crore need to this license;
    • Production or processing units of vegetable oil by the course of solvent extraction or refineries consisting of oil expeller system. The units must have a capacity of over 2 metric tonnes per day;
    • Dhabha, food vending establishments, clubs, hotels, restaurants with branches spread in more than one state, need to acquire Central FSSAI License. Besides this, it must have an annual turnover above Rs 12 lakhs;
    • Wholesalers that have a turnover of at least Rs 30 crores;
    • Hotels that have 5-star ratings or more;
    • 100% of the export units engaged in the production or processing of food;
    • All Importers (consisting of the import of food ingredients);
    • All the Caterers who are operating under the Central Government or related agencies such as Airport, Railways, Seaport, Defence, etc.
    • Cold Storages having a capacity of above 50,000 metric tonnes;
    • Dairy units engaged in the procurement, collection, handling, chilling of milk. These units must have a capacity of over 50000 litres per day;
    • A slaughterhouse with a capacity of above 50 large animals or 150 small animals or 1000 poultry birds per day;
    • All the remaining food processing units, including re-packers with a capacity of above 2 metric tonnes per day;
    • FBOs engaged in producing a food item, its ingredient or using some new technology. Therefore, it covers those food items that have been introduced in India for the first time.

Documents Required for FSSAI Registration

In India, the list of documents required for FSSAI License Registration can be summarised as:

  • Common Documents for every FSSAI Registration

    The documents compulsory for applying Basic, State and Central Registration are as follows:

    • A duly complete and signed Form A (for Basic Registration) or Form B (for state or central registration);
    • 2 lasted Passport Sized Photographs;
    • PAN Card details of the Proprietor/ Director/ Partner;
    • A copy of sale deed if the property is owned;
    • A copy of Rent Agreement if the property is on rent;
    • A copy of the utility bill, such as Electricity bill or water tax;
    • A copy of Partnership Deed in case of a partnership;
    • A copy of COI (Certificate of Incorporation) or AOA (Articles of Association) in case of a company;
    • A complete list of the food category the business will be engaged in;
    • Form X for the appointment of persons by the company after passing the Board Resolution;
    • A copy of Aadhar Card and Voter ID of the Proprietor/ Director/ Partner.
  • State FSSAI Registration

    Other than the documents listed above, the documents required for State FSSAI License can be summarised as:

    • The layout of the proposed site along with the planned placement of machinery and equipment;
    • NOC (No Objection Certificate) from the owners, together with their details, such as name and address;
    • A copy of the permit from the Manufacturers of the equipment and machinery;
    • A list of the machinery and equipment already installed at the site;
    • Details about each Food Product along with its category in which it is planned to be produced;
    • Planned FSMS (Food Safety Management System).
  • Central FSSAI Registration

    Other than the common documents listed above, the documents required for Central FSSAI License are as follows:

    • A proof of the Annual Turnover,
    • The layout of the proposed site along with the planned placement of machinery and equipment;
    • NOC (No Objection Certificate) from the owners, together with their details, such as name and address;
    • A copy of the permit from the Manufacturers of the machinery and equipment;
    • A list of the machinery and equipment already installed at the site;
    • Details about each Food Product along with its category in which it is planned to be produced;
    • Planned FSMS (Food Safety Management System);
    • The Water Analysis Report by an official Laboratory;
    • Details about the source of procurement for Meat, Milk;
    • NOC from the Local Authority, as applicable;
    • Pesticide Residual Report by an official laboratory. If the business is engaged in manufacturing Mineral Water;
    • IEC (Import Export Code), if applicable;
    • A copy of the certificate issued by the Ministry of Tourism, if applicable;
    • NOC from the designated officer of the FSSAI.

Procedure for FSSAI Registration

Process of Online FSSAI Registration

The steps involved in the FSSAI Registration process can be summarised as:

  • Step 1

    All the small scale FBOs need to submit an FSSAI Registration Form A on the website of FSSAI. They also require to pay the FSSAI Registration Fees of Rs 100. Further, they need to attach all the required documents and declarations with the form.

  • Step 2

    After that, the operator receives a UARN (Unique Application Reference Number).

  • Step 3

    The Registering Authority may either reject or grant the registration within seven days of receipt of the form. If it decides to reject the form, the same can be done only after recording the reasons.

  • Step 4

    Before issuing the FSSAI License Registration, the RA may also order an inspection of the premises. It can order the inspection within seven days of receipt of Form. Further, such an inspection needs to be completed in a time frame of 30 days.

  • Step 5

    Finally, the Registering Authority grants the FSSAI Registration Certificate.

Procedure for FSSAI Food License

Process of Fssai License

In India, the steps involved in the process to obtain FSSAI License are as follows:

  • Step 1

    FBOs with a turnover above Rs 12 Lakhs need to submit Form B to obtain FSSAI License. They also require to pay the FSSAI License fees together with the form. Further, they need to attach all the required documents and declarations with the form.

  • Step 2

    After that, the operator receives a UARN (Unique Application Reference Number).

  • Step 3

    The issuing authority may order an inspection of the premises. It can order the inspection within seven days of receipt of Form. After the completion of the inquiry, the authority will issue an inspection report.

  • Step 4

    Finally, the issuing authority grants the FSSAI License Certificate. The issuance of license needs a time frame of 50 to 60 working days.

Exemption from Obtaining FSSAI Food License

Exemption from Fssai License

The FBOs on which the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, will not apply are as follows:

  • A Petty Manufacturer, preparing food items at home for the business purpose;
  • Petty Retailer;
  • Hawker;
  • Itinerant Vendor;
  • Temporary Stall Owner;
  • Small scale FBOs;
  • Cottage Food Industries.

FSSAI License Fees in India

In India, the fees required to be paid for FSSAI License are:

Type of Application

Fees for One Year

Central Licenses

State License

FSSAI Basic Registration

Application for new FSSAI License

Rs 7500

Rs 2000 to Rs 5000

Rs 100

Application for FSSAI License Renewal

Rs 7500

Varies as per the scale of business

Rs 100

Modification of FSSAI License/Certificate

Rs 7500

Varies as per the scale of business

Rs 100

Duplicate License/Certificate

10% of the prescribed fee

10% of the prescribed fee

10% of the prescribed fee

FSSAI License FAQs

A FSSAI License remains valid for a minimum of 1 year and a maximum of 5 years. Further, it needs to be renewed at least 30 days before expiry.

According to the FSSAI (Licensing and Registration) Regulations, 2011, FBOs are granted licenses in a 3-tier system, namely, FSSAI Registration, State FSSAI License, and Central FSSAI License.

The main objective of FSSAI is to regulate and keep a check on the quality of the food products or services and businesses engaged in such manufacturing or delivery.

No, there are certain exceptions for FSSAI Registration or license. A Petty retailer is exempted from obtaining FSSAI Registration or License.

The people exempted from obtaining FSSAI License include Itinerant vendor; Small-scale; Cottage; Tiny FBO (Food Business Operator); a temporary stallholder; Hawker; and any such food business.

A Manufacturing Unit needs to obtain State FSSAI License if it has a turnover between Rs 12 Lakhs to Rs 20 Crore. Conversely, it needs to obtain Central FSSAI License if it has a turnover above Rs 20 crores.

For the Multi-Location food business, a separate FSSAI Registration or License is needed for every location.

No, the FSSAI code is a 14-digit numeric code.

In such a case, you need to obtain both Central FSSAI License and State FSSAI Registration. A separate State FSSAI Registration is required for each location.

If an FBO (Food Business Operator) contravenes any provisions or regulations of the FSS Act, 2006, it will be held liable to pay the penalty. Further, the FSSAI Act prescribes punishment for various types of non-compliance.

Yes, as per the guidelines issued by the FSSAI, it is mandatory to display the FSSAI logo and License number on the label or food package.

In the case of imported food products, the importer needs to display the name and address on a sticker of the product before Customs Clearance in addition to the FSSAI logo and License Numbers.

Yes, the status of the FSSAI Registration form can be checked on the official website of FSSAI.

The FSSAI License needs to be renewed at least 30 days before its expiry. For Renewal, the license holder needs to file Form A and B. The fee for a renewal is the same as the fee charged for the issuance of a new license.

In such a case, you need to obtain separate State FSSAI Licenses for each state and 1 common Central FSSAI License.

Yes, one needs to obtain a Central FSSAI License for importing food items in India. The address for the license will be the address mentioned in the IEC Code (Import Export Code).

Yes, all the export units need to mandatorily obtain Central FSSAI License for importing and exporting food items.

Yes, the FSSAI license is mandatory for all kinds of food-related businesses, including Manufacturing, Trading, Transportation, or distribution.

Yes, all the catering businesses need to obtain the FSSAI License, even those operating under the central government.

The catering businesses working under the Central Government mean the ones operating at the Railways and Airport.

The FSSAI Registration process for a catering service or restaurant is similar to getting any other FSSAI license.

Section 48 of the FSSAI Act, 2006, contains the detail of all the offenses and penalties. Further, section 49 to 67 deals with the penalties for Non-compliance.

The term “Recall” denotes an action taken by the Food Business Operators (FBOs) to withdraw any food product from the market, which does not abide by section 28 of the FSS Act, 2006.

Yes, as per the FSS Act, 2006, certain FBOs need to file an Annual Return in the prescribed manner.

The Railways Designated Officers / Food Security Officer grants the FSSAI Registration to the Food Business Operators running under the railway premise.

The Airport Health Organisations (APHO) or Port Health Organisations (PHO) issues the FSSAI Registration to FBOs operating at a seaport/ airport through the Online FLRS (Food Licensing and Registration System).

Yes, all the Food Business Operators, including the medical stores, need to obtain FSSAI Registration/ License.

Yes, any person who wants to import or export from India needs to Central FSSAI License after acquiring IEC Code.

In India, all the FBOs (Food Business Operators) need to obtain a Food License. The term FBOs include all the Food Manufacturer; Re-Packer; Retailer; Trader; Wholesaler; Transporter; Supplier; Importer and Exporter, etc.

For exporting food products outside India, one needs to obtain Central FSSAI License.

According to the FSS Act, 2006, if a start-up decides to operate in the Food Sector, it must obtain FSSAI License for commencing its business.

In India, the nature and the annual turnover of a business act as the key difference between the State FSSAI License and Central FSSAI License.

No, the registration certificate for Basic FSSAI Registration is not valid for the Caterers. They compulsorily need to obtain a State FSSAI License, irrespective of their turnover.

No, one needs to obtain a separate FSSAI Food License for each location based on the nature and annual turnover of the business.

Yes, the sales related to packaged or sealed water comes under the ambit of the FSSAI Act, 2006.

An individual can file his/her complaint about the substandard or unsafe food item to the Food Safety Commissioner of the State. Further, he/she can visit the state FSSAI office as well.

According to the FSSAI Act, 2006, a penalty up to Rs 5 lakhs may be levied for breaching the regulations concerning the labeling of Food Items.

Yes, FBOs need to print FSSAI License Number on the food product they sell, distribute or store.

In India, FSSAI is regulated and governed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in India.

A FSSAI Mark is a logo printed together with the License Number on the Food Items sold by FBOs who have obtained FSSAI License or Registration.

The mark serves as a symbol of assurance and validity that the food product is safe for human consumption. It also signifies that FBOs have complied with all the food standards and regulations stated under the Food Safety and Standards (FSS) Act, 2006.

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