An Overview of Fire NOC
Fire Accidents can easily result in serious human injury and property damage. Fire-related incidents or mishappenings are not always predictable and are often unexpected & sudden. Fire accidents can be caused due to defective smoke detectors, damaged wiring, and flawed products. Therefore, it is prudent and necessary for every resident or business to take all the required precautions to avoid fire accidents. The Government concerned in this matter has taken steps to prevent any fire-related incidents, such as mandating Fire Department NOC for some specific class and ordered to scrutinise each property document before completing any property deal. To avoid any future mishappening or conflagration, which can ensue in injuries or damage to the human and property, it is obligatory to take the right caution, i.e., to obtain a Fire NOC from the Fire Department of the respective state in which the said building is situated.
What is Fire NOC Certificate?
Fire Department NOC is the certificate issued by the Fire Department of a particular state after examining and verifying the building's fire assistance and the machinery installed for fire safety. The mechanism installed must meet all the standards and guidelines prescribed for fire safety issued by the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards). Hence, a Fire NOC is mandatory to make sure the safety of both people and the business in the building. A Fire License also ascertains that there are no or less probabilities of a fire outbreak in the building.
Which Law Governs Fire Department NOC?
In India, the regulations that govern Fire Department NOC are covered under the purview of the 12th Schedule of the Indian Constitution, which comes under the ambit of the various municipalities. The fire-related activities are governed and administered by the State Governments under the Municipal By-Laws or State Regulations.
Why is it necessary to obtain Fire NOC?
Following are the reasons justifying the need for obtaining Fire NOC:
- Getting a Fire License is a mandatory requirement for those who are willing to apply for a Trade License to the civic body in a respective state.
- In India, Fire NOC is one of the essential requirements specified by the Fire Department for carrying out any trade or business activities.
- Fire NOC guarantees that safety precautions and measures are duly incorporated for safeguarding people in the building against any hazard.
What are the Causes of Fire Accidents?
The causes of fire and fire-related accidents are explained below:
- Human Error and General Negligence: One of the significant causes of Fire Accidents is General Negligence and Human Error. Human Error and General Negligence include leaving the switch of lights and electrical appliances on. Ignorance in incorporating the safety measures that can prevent conflagration, such as fire extinguishers not installed in the working area, not abiding by the instructions concerning smoking restrictions, and not detecting the blazes in the correct place.
- Ignorance while using Ignitable and Flammable Materials: Thousands of chemicals and substances are used as ignitable & flammable products. Any kind of ignorance or mishandling while using such chemicals and substances results in a high risk of fire. It is necessary to abide by the OSHA Guidelines to avoid the fire accident caused by these materials.
- Breakdown of Electrical Wires: Most cases of fire accidents happen due to the breakdown of electrical wires. Major fire-related accidents rely upon electrical fire as it is a frequent basis of ignition for a significant fire. Establishing an electrical safety program is the only way to avoid a fire accident due to the breakdown of an electrical fire.
Different Categories for which a Fire NOC is required
The categories for which a Fire NOC can be acquired are listed below:
- Residential Apartment buildings;
- Educational Institutes;
- Telephone Exchange;
- Custodial institutions;
- Hospitals and Sanatoria;
- Multiplex buildings;
- Mercantile buildings;
- Industrial buildings with low/moderate/high hazards;
- Assembly buildings;
- Corporate buildings;
- Storage buildings with high hazards.
What are the Types of NOCs issued by the Fire Department?
There are two types of NOCs issued by the Fire Department. They are:
- Provisional Certificate: Once the verification of fire safety measures is done by the Fire Inspector. The Fire Department will then issue a Provisional NOC (No Objection Certificate). Provisional NOC acts as a fire safety certificate temporarily issued by the Department, subject to the compliance made by the owner according to the recommendation made by the Department. Provisional NOC is valid for a certain period in which the owner requires to prepare and comply with all the recommendations.
Final No Objection Certificate (NOC): Once the inspection is complete, the authority will again test and certify that the owner is abiding by all the recommendations and that all the installations are functioning in satisfactory condition. After that, the fire department will issue a Final No Objection Certificate, which will be valid for one year starting from the date of issue. However, the said NOC is required to be renewed each year by applying to the India Fire Department.
What is the Checklist for Acquiring Fire License from the Fire Department?
The following listed are the checklists to be followed at various stages for obtaining fire department NOC:
- Pre-Constructions Requirements:
- The application must provide information such as the business establishment's address, nature of the business, contact details, etc., duly signed by the concerned business owner.
- Sanctioned Site Plan or Building Plan showing the fire-fighting system's installation shall be annexed with an application.
- Within ten days after the receipt of the application for the Fire NOC, a Technical Officer from the Fire and Emergency Department will visit the site to carry out a Fire Safety Audit of the said premise. He will issue a Provisional NOC to the business.
- The owner shall adhere to suggestions and Recommendations issued by the Fire Department. The business owner is required to submit a compliance report to the Fire and Emergency Department.
- Post-Construction Requirements:
- Upon receiving the declaration and compliance report by the owner, the technical officer will again visit the site. He will re-inspect the site and shall again forward his recommendation and opinion to the head of the Fire Department for providing a Final NOC.
- After approving the application filed, the Department's head shall issue a Final NOC to the business owner.
Documents required to obtain a Fire NOC
The documents required for obtaining Fire NOC from Fire Department are as follows:
- A copy of the Building Plan Layout issued by the Building Authority, comprising the Site Plan, Layout Plan, Analysis Report, etc.
- Building Model.
- Checklist with filled in a questionnaire.
- Certified checklist of the building issued by the architect.
- A copy of the Aadhar and PAN Card of the applicant.
- A Photograph of the full building clicked from outside.
- Building Stability Certificate.
- The Building plans must contain all the information as prescribed by the bye-laws.
- Electric Wiring- Quality and the Completion Certificate from a recognised authority.
Procedure to obtain a Fire Department NOC
The following listed are the steps involved in the procedure to obtain a Fire Department NOC:
Step 1: Apply: The business owner can apply for the Fire NOC either online by visiting the official website of the particular state or offline just by submitting the physical application form to the Chief Fire Officer or the Fire Service Department to get a Fire Clearance Certificate. Whether the application is submitted offline or online, it must be accompanied by all the required documents.
Step 2: Submit the Application: After the application's receipt, the Chief Fire Officer (CFO) forwarded the same application to the concerned Fire Inspector of the particular state, having the jurisdiction of a respective state.
Step 3: Inspection: The concerned Fire Inspector will visit the premises and verify all the equipment and machinery installed together with the requisite arrangement for the Fire Safety.
Step 4: Issuance of Certificate: The Inspector of the Fire Department of the respective state will issue a Fire Clearance Certificate after duly inspecting the premises and satisfying that all the Fire Mechanisms are found properly installed and all the safety measures are equipped in a building.
- Once the No Objection Certificate is issued, it will remain valid for:
- For commercial or non-residential: 3 years
- For residential: 5 years
Renewal of NOC Certificate
The provisions concerning the Renewal of NOC Certificate are as follows:
- Application for the renewal must be made to the concerned state authority of the fire department to which the previous application was submitted.
- The renewal application will be attached with the declaration certified by the competent authority that all the necessary electrical installations are duly installed and are in proper condition.
- If the business owner fails to apply for the Fire NOC renewal within the prescribed time limit, he or she shall be levied with the following charges:
- If the delay is for 7 days: No charges.
- If the delay in the renewal is for 7 to 15 days: 5 per day.
- If the delay is beyond 15 days: 15 per day.
How much time is required to obtain Fire Department NOC?
The Fire Department takes approximately 3 to 4 weeks to grant Fire NOC (No Objective Certificate) starting from the date of receipt of the application, provided that all the declarations made and information given is true and accurate.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, the applicant must acquire Fire NOC (No Objection Certificate) to obtain Fire License in India.
A Fire NOC is a certificate issued by the State Fire Service Department. The main aim of this NOC is to declare that a building is fire resistant and is unlikely to face any fire-related accidents.
The Deputy Chief Fire Officer (DCFO) is the head of the Fire Prevention Wing. Further, the DCFO is assisted by the DFO (Divisional Fire Officer) and Station Officer.
The Fire Service Department of the respective state has the power to grant Fire NOC (No Objection Certificate). For example, in the case of Delhi, the Delhi Fire Services is the concerned authorised authority.
The Fire Department takes approximately 3 to 4 weeks time to issue a Fire NOC (No Objective Certificate), starting from the date of receipt of the application. However, all the declarations made and the information given by the applicant must be true and accurate.
The Fire Department does not charge any fees for the issuance of Fire Security Certificate or Fire Department NOC. That means it is a no-cost legal compliance for ensuring the safety and protection of the public.
In case a business owner fails to apply for the Fire NOC renewal within the prescribed time limit, then he/she will not be levied with any charges for the first 7 days. However, he/she will be charged Rs 5 per day if the delay is for 7 to 15 days and Rs 15 per day if the delay is beyond 15 per day.
The various causes of Fire Accident include general negligence and human error; Ignorance while dealing with Flammable and Ignitable Material; Break Down of Electrical Wires.
In India, the regulations that are governing Fire Department NOC are covered under the purview of the 12th Schedule of the Indian Constitution, which comes under the ambit of the various municipalities. Further, the Fire and related activities are governed and administered by the State Governments under the Municipal By-Laws or State Regulations.
The different types of NOC issued by the authority are Provisional Certificate and Final NOC (No Objection Certificate).
The documents required to obtain Fire NOC in India are a copy of the Building Plan Layout issued by the Building Authority, comprising the Site Plan, Layout Plan, Analysis Report, etc.; Building Model; Checklist with filled in a Questionnaire; Certified checklist of the Building issued by Architect; a copy of the Aadhar and PAN Card of the applicant; a Photograph of the full building clicked from outside; Building Stability Certificate; and Electric Wiring- Quality and the Completion Certificate from a recognized authority.
The categories for which a Fire NOC is issued are Residential Apartments, Hotels, Educational institutes, Hospitals, Multiplexes, Corporate buildings, Storage Buildings having high hazards, Industrial Buildings, and Assembly buildings.
A Fire NOC (No Objection Certificate) is valid for a period one year, i.e., it needs to be renewed every year.
Occupancy NOC (No Objection Certificate) is a License granted after the completion of the construction of the building. Further, this license will be granted only after the Fire Inspector inspects that all the provisional NOC compliances are complied with.
The two main advantages of obtaining a Fire NOC are preventing any mis-happening occurred due to the fire outbreak and ensuring safety for both company and people working in it.