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What is a Patent Registration?

Patent is approved and granted by India Patent Office which permits Patent owner to preserve a control or monopoly for a limited period of time for the use and development of his creation.

This right eliminates others from creating, processing, producing, using, marketing/selling, and importing the products or process in India without Patent owner's consent.

What can have Patent?

It can be any discovery/creation/ invention related to work, manufacturing, process, computer software etc. which was not introduced to the public earlier.

Patent Registration granted in India is applicable and valid only in India i.e. Patent owner is not allowed to exercise his rights outside India. In case Patent owner wants to get Protection in countries outside India, then he has to apply for the same in other countries within 12 months of receiving Patent in India.

Validity of Patent

Patent Registration continues for 20 years from the date of filing Provisional or Permanent Patent. After that, it would come under public domain.

Advantages of Patent Registration

Invention is Protected

Patent is an intellectual property which protects your creation/invention and averts or prevent others to use it without your prior consent.

Sell or Transfer Patent

It can be a sold and transferred or franchised. By doing this, more revenue can be generated.

Patent is valid for 20 years

Your invention gets Protection for a particular period which helps you to protect your invention.

Build Business

It helps to build business and also helps in raising capital for the business.


By Licensing, Patent to other company, Royalties can be received by the owner.


Thus businesses and investors can have a complete monopoly and competitive benefit.

Steps for Patent Registration

  1. Patent Search

If there is a Patent already registered which is similar to your idea, Patent Search saves the effort of going through the tedious Registration procedure.

  1. Patent Domicile

Patent that is registered in India is valid only for India. It does not apply to other countries. It is also possible to protect invention abroad also. For same, you need to apply for a separate Application in each country.

  1. File Patent Applicant

An Application should be filed with the department before disclosing all the details about your invention.

  1. Patent Review

Patent Office of Indian government reviews your Patent Application. Therefore check if there are any current Patents given or granted on the similar idea. If not, then they give a Patent for the submitted Application.

  1. Patent Grant

Once Patent is granted, the status of the Application will be updated online at the site. It can take approx.6 months to even 1.5 years for a Patent Certificate to be granted.

Patent Registration Governing law

The Patent Act 1970 and Patents Rule 1972 governs the whole of Patent system.

Persons eligible to apply (Section 134):

An Application for a Patent for an invention may be made by any of the following persons:

  • By any person claiming to be the true and first inventor of the invention.
  • A natural person being the assignee under Patent law and claiming to be the true and first inventor of the art/research in respect of the right to make such an Application.
  • By the legal representative of any deceased person who immediately before his death was entitled to make such an Application.

An application may be furnished by any of the persons mentioned either alone or jointly with another person.

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